In the guide
All prams and pushchairs sold, whether new or used, are required to be safe
This guidance is for England, Scotland & Wales
All prams and pushchairs, both new and used, are required to be safe. One way to ensure this is by compliance with European Standard BS EN 1888: Child care articles. Wheeled child conveyances. Safety requirements and test methods, which contains the following definition: "vehicle designed for the carriage of one or more children consisting of a chassis to which a pram body (bodies) or car seat(s) or seat unit(s) or combination of these is (are) attached, which can be manually steered while being pushed or pulled".
There are certain checks you can make on a used pushchair to ensure it is still safe, including checking there are no sharp edges, ensuring the safety harness is in good condition, verifying the parking brake works and testing the stability of the pushchair.
Supplying an unsafe product is a contravention of the General Product Safety Regulations 2005. See 'General product safety: distributors' and 'General product safety: producers' for more information on these Regulations.
All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with stringent flammability regulatory requirements too. A label indicating compliance should be located on the frame or seating cover of the new pram / pushchair.
How can I tell if my prams & pushchairs are safe?
Look for the label stating that the pram or pushchair complies with BS EN 1888. These labels are usually found on the frame or seat covering.
Used prams & pushchairs
If prams and pushchairs have been damaged or modified, they may no longer meet the requirements of the Standard. The only way to be certain is to have the item tested by a laboratory, which is expensive. However, there are some things you can look out for:
What about flammability requirements?
All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with the stringent flammability requirements contained in the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988. New prams and pushchairs also have to carry permanent labels and display labels giving information about how they comply with the Regulations. If used items do not have a permanent label with the words 'CARELESSNESS CAUSES FIRE', it must be assumed that they do not comply and therefore should not be sold.
Failure to comply with trading standards law can lead to enforcement action and to sanctions, which may include a fine and/or imprisonment. For more information please see 'Trading standards: powers, enforcement & penalties'.
Last reviewed / updated: December 2019
This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.
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