A ‘child at risk’ is a child who:
A child is abused and neglected when someone inflicts injury, or fails to act to prevent harm. Children may be abused in a family, or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them, or more rarely, by a stranger. A child is anyone who has not yet reached their 18th birthday. 'Children', therefore, means 'children and young people' throughout. The fact that a child has become 16 years of age and may be living independently does not change their status or their entitlement to services or protection under the Children Act, 1989.
Categories of abuse are physical, sexual, emotional/psychological, financial and neglect as outlined in the Social Services and Wellbeing Act (2014), Working Together to Safeguard People Volume 5 – Handling Individual Cases to Protect Children at Risk.
The following is a non-exhaustive list of examples for each of the categories of abuse and neglect (more detailed definitions can be found in the Wales Safeguarding Procedures section 2 - Recognising a child is at risk of harm – Pointers for Practice Signs and Indicators)
Hitting, slapping, over or misuse of medication, undue restraint or inappropriate sanctions
Threats of harm or abandonment, coercive control, humiliation, verbal or racial abuse, isolation or withdrawal from services or support networks, witnessing abuse of others
Forcing or enticing a child or young people to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening, including: physical contact, including penetrative or non-penetrative activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material or watching sexual activities or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways
This category will be less prevalent for a child but indicators could be:
Failure to meet basic physical, emotional or psychological needs which is likely to result in impairment of health and development
For information, advice or assistance
If you or others have concerns about the welfare of a child or young person, you must report it immediately.
Child Care Assessment Team: 01437 776444
Social Services out of Hours: 0300 333 2222
In an emergency ring 999
Dewis Cymru is the place to go if you want information or advice about your well-being – or want to know how you can help somebody else.