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The Teaching of Welsh and English

Classroom

General Principles

We assert our belief in the educational value of acquiring two languages. The aim of this bilingual policy is to educate pupils so that they are thoroughly bilingual in the use of both Welsh and English on leaving the primary school so that they can participate fully in the bilingual community of which they are a part. The provision made should ensure that every pupil shall be able to communicate with confidence in both languages and that they have an appreciation of the cultural heritage of Wales.

Linguistic and Cultural Considerations

We recognise the fact that certain areas of the County have distinctive cultural and linguistic traditions which must be taken into consideration when evolving an effective language policy for Pembrokeshire as a whole. This is reflected in the approach to the implementation of the policy.

Teaching of Welsh and English in Primary Schools

Welsh medium education is available within Pembrokeshire, either in community schools in the traditionally Welsh speaking areas in North Pembrokeshire or in designated Welsh medium school or units in Mid and South of the County.

The following table defines the language categories applied to primary schools and the school list indicates the category of each individual school.

Curriculum Language of School Outcomes
Welsh Medium
WM
Foundation Phase - medium of Welsh.
KS2 - at least 70% of teaching through medium of Welsh.
Welsh is language of communication with pupils and the language of day to day business of school. The school communicates with parents in both languages.
Pupils, regardless of home language will be able to transfer to Welsh medium secondary provision and by the end of KS2 will have reached equivalent standard in English to that reached by pupils in predominantly English medium schools.
Dual Stream
DS
Mainly Welsh-medium or mainly English-medium exist side-by-side in these schools. Both Welsh and English are used in day to day business of the school. Language of communication is determined by nature of curricular provision. The school communicates with parents in both languages. For pupils in Welsh stream - normal expectations as for Category 1 (WM).
For pupils in English stream - normal expectations as for Category 5 (EM).
Transitional school
TR
Foundation Phase - areas of learning mainly through the medium of Welsh.
KS2 - both languages used but with greater emphasis on Welsh, 50% -70%.
Welsh is the language used in day to day business of the school. High priority given to creating Welsh ethos. The school communicates with parents in both languages.
Some pupils, particularly from Welsh speaking homes, may be able to transfer to Welsh medium secondary provision. All pupils will have reached a standard in English equivalent to that of pupils in predominantly English medium schools.
English medium with significant use of Welsh
EW
Foundation Phase - pupils experience the areas of learning in both languages but with greater emphasis on English.
KS2 - both languages used in teaching but greater emphasis on English. Welsh as a medium of teaching or learning - between 20% and 50% of the primary curriculum overall.
Day to day language or languages of school is determined by the school’s linguistic context. Both languages used for communication with pupils and school administration. High priority given to creating Welsh ethos. The school communicates with parents in both languages. Normal expectation is that pupils will transfer to English medium secondary provision, but will have enhanced Welsh second language skills. Some pupils able to pursue limited number of subjects through the medium of Welsh.
English Medium
EM
Foundation Phase - all pupils experience areas of learning through the medium of English.
KS2 - Welsh taught as a second language. Less than 20% of the teaching is through the medium of Welsh.
English is the language used in day to day business of the school - some Welsh used as a language of communication with pupils to improve capacity to use everyday Welsh. The school communicates with parents either in English or in both languages. Normal expectation is that pupils will transfer to English medium secondary provision and continue to learn predominantly through the medium of English, learning Welsh as a second language.

Teaching of Welsh and English in Secondary Schools

The secondary school’s prospectus will provide details of subjects taught in Welsh and provide additional information.

The following table defines the language categories applied to secondary schools and the school list indicates the category of each individual school.

Curriculum Language of School Outcomes
Welsh Medium
WM
All subjects apart from English taught through the medium of Welsh to all pupils. Some schools may introduce English terminology in one or two subjects. Welsh is language of communication with pupils and the language of day to day business of school. The school communicates with parents in both languages. Assessment at KS3 and KS4 will be through the medium of Welsh in all subjects apart from English or other languages. Pupils will be able to progress to Welsh medium Post 16 provision.
Bilingual
AB
BB
CB
CH
This category has 4 sub-divisions according to the percentage of subjects taught through the medium of Welsh and whether there is parallel provision in English.

AB
2A At least 80% of subjects (excluding English and Welsh) are taught only through the medium of Welsh to all pupils. One or two subjects are taught to some pupils in English or both languages.

BB
2B At least 80% of subjects (excluding English and Welsh) are taught through the medium of Welsh but are also taught through the medium of English.

CB
2C 50-79% of subjects (excluding English and Welsh) are taught through the medium of Welsh but are also taught through the medium of English.

CH
2CH All subjects (excluding English and Welsh) are taught to all pupils using both languages.
The day to day language or languages of the school will be determined by its linguistic context. Both languages are used to communicate with pupils and for the school’s administration. A high priority is given to creating a Welsh ethos. The school communicates with parents in both languages. For pupils in 2A, 2B and 2C following the maximum number of courses through the medium of Welsh, assessment at KS3 and KS4 would be through the medium of Welsh in those subjects and that they would be able to progress to post 16 provision through the medium of Welsh in chosen subjects.
For pupils in 2CH assessment at KS3 and KS4 would be through the medium of Welsh in all subjects except English and that they would be able to progress to post 16 provision through the medium of Welsh in chosen subjects.
English medium with significant use of Welsh
EW
Both languages are used in teaching with 20-49% of subjects taught through medium of Welsh. All subjects would normally also be taught through the medium of English. The day to day language or languages of the school will be determined by its linguistic context. Both languages are used to communicate with pupils and for the school’s administration. A high priority is given to creating a Welsh ethos. The school communicates with parents either in both languages or in English. Pupils choosing Welsh medium options could be assessed through the medium of Welsh in those subjects at all levels and may progress to study at post 16 through the medium of Welsh in those subjects.
English Medium
EM
Pupils are taught mainly through the medium of English. Welsh taught as second language up to KS4. One or two subjects (could include Welsh first language) may be taught through the medium of Welsh or using both languages. English is the day to day language of the school, but some Welsh is used to communicate with pupils, with the aim of improving their capacity to use everyday Welsh. The school communicates with parents either in both languages or in English. Any pupils choosing Welsh medium options could be assessed through the medium of Welsh in those subjects at all levels and may progress to study at post 16 through the medium of Welsh in those subjects. Most pupils would be assessed in English and progress to English medium post 16 study.

Pupils wishing to receive a Welsh medium secondary education may transfer from Category WM schools and Category DS Welsh Units to Ysgol y Preseli, Crymych (the County's designated bilingual school) or to Ysgol Bro Gwaun, Fishguard which offers certain subjects through the medium of Welsh. Pupils from Welsh medium primary schools entering Ysgol Bro Gwaun may be placed in that stream on transfer; appropriate arrangements will be made.

ID: 7697 Revised: 21/9/2017